What Is a Heat Pump?

Heat Pump is a type of home heating and cooling system that combines an air conditioner and a furnace into one system. Heat pumps use a refrigeration cycle to transfer thermal energy from the air, both cooling and warming it. Heat pumps are powered by electricity and operate more efficiently than furnaces.

Heat pumps are a great option for most homes, especially if you want to cut down on your utility bills. They work best in moderate climates, and they provide efficient heating and cooling. They can also reduce your environmental impact by reducing fossil fuel usage. If you’re considering a Heat Pump, be sure to choose one with an ENERGY STAR label.

A Carrier expert can help you determine whether a heat pump is right for your home. They will evaluate your home’s size and local climate to recommend the right system. Heat pumps are flexible and can be installed in homes with existing ductwork or as a ductless solution for non-ducting homes. They can be purchased as a single unit or as part of a ducted system.

The heat pump works by using a reversing valve to change the direction of refrigerant flow, allowing it to draw in heat from the air or water. A fan blows air across an evaporator coil, and the heat in that air is transferred to the refrigerant. The refrigerant is then circulated through a condenser coil, where it releases the heat back into the air. This cycle is repeated as many times as necessary to achieve the desired temperature.

While heat pumps are efficient and eco-friendly, they have a few limitations. On very cold days, they may not be able to move enough heat from the air into the house, so you’ll need some kind of supplemental heating. This can be as simple as an electric heat strip, or it can be a more sophisticated gas or oil furnace.

When it comes to maintenance, heat pumps require little more than regular filter changes and annual professional service. They are safe and reliable, and they can last up to 25 years.

Because they move heat rather than generating it, heat pumps consume less energy than conventional heating systems. That’s why they have earned the ENERGY STAR label. The more efficient your heat pump, the greater the savings.

The biggest limitation of heat pumps is that they can’t perform effectively in very cold climates. Fortunately, innovators are working to improve this. If you live in a very cold climate, ask for details about specific models that are designed to work well in your area. If you need to, look for a model that includes an electrical-resistance backup system that can work in tandem with the heat pump on extremely cold days.